Music in India is broken into two main categories - folk and classical. Though they have similar characteristics they are played by different classes of people. The classical style is enjoyed and played mostly by the upper class while many classes enjoy and perform folk music.

Some folk styles have similar characteristics of classical style such as rhythm, meter and ragas (a series of 5 or more musical notes upon which a melody is founded). Over 500 folk instruments have been collected in India but musicians say that is just the tip of the iceberg. Some folk instruments have been adopted by classical musicians. A sarangi has been a favorite accompaniment instrument in classical circles. The shehnai is also a popular instrument in both groups.

Classical music, first performed only in temples and courts, has its origins as a meditation tool for attaining self-realization. One of the most complex and complete musical systems ever developed, it uses very small intervals of sound. The sound is monophonic consisting of melody without accompanying harmony. Some popular Indian instruments include sitar, sarod, tambura, shehnai, sarangi and tabla.

Musical instruments from the Indian culture are listed below. Please also see the instrument categories on the left to explore additional musical instruments from India.


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Elephant Bells
Elephant Bells
Set of 5 graduated brass elephant bells. Each is engraved and very decorative. Play them in a band, or hang them from a gate or door. Made in India.
 
Base SKU:ELPB
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Regular Price: $79.90
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Harmonium, deluxe, fixed
Harmonium, deluxe, fixed
5 drones and 4 stops provide dozens of combinations of sounds. Fixed keyboard and integral bellows. Finish color and decoration style may vary from photo. The Harmoniums are tuned to A = 440 (Hz) within 5-8 cents; rarely are they off by 10 cents. A cent is a unit of measuring intervals in music. Each half step (semitone) is made up of 100 cents. The 440 (Hz) represents the frequency of sound wave for the A note. If you double the frequency, you play the A an octave higher. Made in India.
 
Base SKU:HMDC
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Regular Price: $799.00
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Harmonium, Scale Changer, Fixed
Harmonium, Scale Changer, Fixed
Deluxe, 5 drones and 4 stops. Mechanical coupler (plays 2 octaves with one stroke). Keyboard slides to change scale. Integral bellows, dozens of sound combinations. Finish color and decoration style may vary from photo. The Harmoniums are tuned to A = 440 (Hz) within 5-8 cents; rarely are they off by 10 cents. A cent is a unit of measuring intervals in music. Each half step (semitone) is made up of 100 cents. The 440 (Hz) represents the frequency of sound wave for the A note. If you double the frequency, you play the A an octave higher. Made in India.
 
Base SKU:HMSC
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Harmonium, Scale Changer, Folding
Harmonium, Scale Changer, Folding
Deluxe, 5 drones and 4 stops. Keyboard pops up, store in locked-down position for travel. Mechanical coupler (plays 2 octaves with one stroke). Keyboard slides to change scale. Integral bellows, dozens of sound combinations. Finish color and decoration style may vary from photo. The Harmoniums are tuned to A = 440 (Hz) within 5-8 cents; rarely are they off by 10 cents. A cent is a unit of measuring intervals in music. Each half step (semitone) is made up of 100 cents. The 440 (Hz) represents the frequency of sound wave for the A note. If you double the frequency, you play the A an octave higher. Made in India.
 
Base SKU:HMSD
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Harmonium, Standard
Harmonium, Standard
4 drones (top pulls) and 4 stops (lower pulls) to direct the air over the upper or lower reeds. Fixed keyboard, integral bellows, and dozens of sound combinations. Finish color and decoration style may vary from photo. The Harmoniums are tuned to A = 440 (Hz) within 5-8 cents; rarely are they off by 10 cents. A cent is a unit of measuring intervals in music. Each half step (semitone) is made up of 100 cents. The 440 (Hz) represents the frequency of sound wave for the A note. If you double the frequency, you play the A an octave higher. Made in India.
 
Base SKU:HM6S
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Harmonium, Traveler, Deluxe
Harmonium, Traveler, Deluxe
Harmonium, Traveler, Deluxe (Item Code: HMTD) 5 drones and 4 stops. Keyboard pops up for play, store in locked-down position for travel. Fixed keyboard. Integral bellows, dozens of sound combinations. 2 banks of reeds. When folded, the compact the size of the traveler offers a large convenience for anyone needing to transport their harmonium. The trade off is that the design of the traveler harmoniums results in the air chamber being less air tight as compared to the design of the fixed harmoniums; so expect some air loss.

Finish color and decoration style may vary from photo. The Harmoniums are NOT meant to be played in concert like a mini organ.

This is instrument was introduced to India by the British. It has been embraced and is now a truly Indian instrument used as accompaniment in devotional songs. The reeds in the harmonium are tuned to sound well together, not necessarily with other instruments. As such they are not in concert pitch and are not meat to be. As with many Indian instruments the key for the music is selected to best suite the vocals, or to set a mood. Traditionally, Harmoniums are usually higher pitched if compared to the Western Scale.

DISCLAIMER: Shellac is very impressionable, no pun intended. During the long transportation from India the shellac finish becomes marred by the packing materials. These impressions are superficial and cosmetic. Impressions on the finish do not affect the playability or sound. Therefore we do not consider such impressions as blemishes or defects. Length 24" Width 7.5" Height 7.5" When opened the height fully extended is 10". Made in India.
 
Base SKU:HMTD
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Introduction to Harmonium DVD
Introduction to Harmonium DVD
The Harmonium has become a very popular instrument in Indian and non-Indian music. It is used to accompany singers, as a solo instrument in performances, and for meditational accompaniment. Pandit Shiv Dayal Batish is a master of all these styles. He, along with Ashwin Batish, demonstrate the basics and provide many examples that will instruct the student in the proper technique. This tutor contains: Raga Bheempalasi alaap ; Harmonium design and care; Sitting position / Left and Right hand positions; North Indian Sargam explained; Notes of Bilaval Thaat; The 12 notes of the octave and their Sargam; Bilaval Thaat fingering from various keys; Basic exercises; A Solo performance; and a Performance as accompaniment for singing. This is a Must Have for anyone starting out on the harmonium. Duration 55 minutes. DVD. Made in USA.
 
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Introduction To Sitar DVD by Ashwin Batish
Introduction To Sitar DVD by Ashwin Batish
Sitar Tutor Number 1 is an excellent beginners video. Covers sitar history, construction and care of sitars, sitting position, left and right hand positions, tuning and basic exercises. Easy to understand and very good visual instruction. DVD. Made in USA
 
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Introduction to Sitar, By Rao
Introduction to Sitar, By Rao
Provides a working knowledge of the Sitar, tuning, holding & playing techniques, exercises & more. 37 pages. Made in USA.
 
Base SKU:LSTR
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Introduction To Tabla, DVD
Introduction To Tabla, DVD
Shri Ashwin Batish starts this Tabla DVD from the very basics. This is a Must Have for every tabla student. The Tabla drum set has become the staple percussion diet of the Indian music scene. Although today it has found a permanent home in the classical music tradition of North India, it has also been the rhythm instrument of choice in folk and film music. This DVD deals with: Names of various drum parts - Bayan, Dayan, Pudi, Gatta, Gajara, etc.; Care of your Tabla set; Sitting Position; Tuning the Tabla; Proper left and right hand positions; Some important Tabla and Dagga sounds and their production; Combination sounds; Simple exercises. The program Duration is 65 minutes, DVD. Made in USA.
 
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Khanjira with Fishskin
Khanjira with Fishskin
Khanjira with Fishskin The kanjira is a very old percussion instrument that is very popular in South Indian classical performances. At one time, this small tambourine was a primary percussion instrument. Today it is a secondary percussion that is played with the mridangam. Our khanjira are made from a solid piece of local Egyptian wood, called Sarsouh with a Manta Ray fish-skin head and 1 brass cymbal set. The frame is about 7 inches in diameter and 3 inches in height. It comes in a nylon case. The traditional Indian kanjira is made with lizard-skin. For conservation reasons, and increased accessibility, we offer this kanjira with the Manta Ray skin; a close substitution in sound and aesthetics. If you are right handed, hold the kanjira in your left hand. The head is fixed, but you can vary the sound and pitch by applying pressure near the outer rim of the head with the left hand. Play as you would a deff or frame drum, by tapping and rolling with your fingers on the head and cymbal. Made In Egypt
 
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Khol Drum
Khol Drum
Khol drum, Ceramic two-headed drum. Heads held in place and tuned by strap tension. Held horizontally, both heads are played. Clay body color may vary from photo. Popular rhythm instrument for East Indian devotional and folk music. The leather heads are in two sizes for high & low pitch. Height is approximately 21 1/2 inches. Small Head Size is approximately 3 3/4 inches. Large Head Size is approximately 8 inches. Largest Circumference is 24 inches. Made in India.
 
Base SKU:KHOL
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La Bella Sitar String Set
La Bella Sitar String Set
Each La Bella ST-30 set contains seven main strings and eleven sympathetic strings. La Bella provides a four-step, lab tested, tarnish proof technology on these sets that provides vibrant, aesthetically pleasing stings. The strings are Plain Steel (P) or Plain Golden Alloy (PG) as follows: 1st- 0.012 P; 2nd-0.016 PG ; 3rd- 0.022 PG; 4th- 0.028PG; 5th- 0.009P; 7th- 0.009P; 11 sympathetic- 0.008P. Made in USA.
 
Base SKU:LBSSTRS
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Learn to Play On Harmonium
Learn to Play On Harmonium
Learn to Play on Harmonium book by Ram Avtar Vir. Includes handling of harmonium instrument, movement of fingers, use of bellows, rhythm, speed, and time, exercises, songs, and more, 63 pages. Made in India.
 
Base SKU:LIHR
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Learn to Play On Sitar
Learn to Play On Sitar
Sitar book By Ram Avtar "Vir". Provides instruction of handling, care, style of playing, exercises, music and more. Made in India.
 
Base SKU:LIST
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Learn to Play on Tabla, set of 2 books by Pankaj
Learn to Play on Tabla, set of 2 books by Pankaj
Learn to Play on Tabla, Set of 2 books by Ram Avtar Vir. Covers parts of tablas, sitting positions, Boles, time and rhythm, tuning exercises, history, tabla care, beginning tals, advanced talas, and more (47 and 54 pages). Made in India.
 
Base SKU:LTB2
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Madal Drum, Strap Tension
Madal Drum, Strap Tension
Madal Drum, Strap Tension. Wooden two-headed drum. Heads held in place and tuned by lacing. Held horizontally, both heads are played. Overall length of drum is 15.5 inches. Diameter of large head ranges from 6.5 inches to 8 inches. Diameter of small head ranges from 5 inches to 6 inches. Made in India.
 
Base SKU:MADL
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Mel Bay's Fun with the Ocarina
Mel Bay's Fun with the Ocarina
 
Base SKU:LOCM
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Mridangam, South Indian
Mridangam, South Indian
The South Indian Mridangam has a Jackfruit tree wood shell with two heads, bass and tenor, and lace tension tuning. Held horizontally, the two opposing heads are bass (approximately 8 inches) and tenor (approximately 6.5 inches). Overall length is approximately 24 inches. The Southern Mridangam tenor head has a wider outer Chat layer that fills the space between the Syahi and the gajara( braided rim). Sliver-thin reeds are inserted between the layers to add to the sound. The base head also has an inside load. There are no tuning blocks (thought you could insert wooden dowels if you wanted). The is a special rhythm instrument for accompaniment to vocal or devotional music. Made in India.
 
Base SKU:MIRS
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Regular Price: $729.00
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Naal Drum, Deluxe, Bolt Tension
Naal Drum, Deluxe, Bolt Tension
Deluxe model Naal drum. Wooden two-headed drum. Heads held in place and tuned by bolts. Held horizontally, both heads are played. Made in India.
 
Base SKU:NALX
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Regular Price: $179.90
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